The point of the icons is to give a hint about the part of speech of the study item. There are small differences in how parts of speech are taught in different languages, but on a general level, these are the ones used:
|Icon||Part of Speech||Examples|
name of a thing
|la manzana (apple), el niño (boy), Nueva York (New York)|
a quality of a thing
|rojo (red), redondo (round), curvado (curved)|
a substitute for a noun or an adjective
|El niño corre. El tiene once años.|
The boy is running. He is eleven years old.
¿Quién eres? Who are you?
number or amount
cien (one hundred)
doing, being or happening
What is happening or being done?
|correr (run), saltar (jump), llover (rain)|
adverb, particle or adposition
|adverb: Ella lo hizo rápidamente. (She did it rapidly.)|
particle: rojo y azul (red and blue)
adposition: al otro lado del puente (across the bridge)
shortened form of a word or phrase
|PIB (producto interior bruto, GNP i.e. gross national product)|
IVA (impuesto sobre el valor añadido, VAT i.e. value added tax)
typical way to express something
¿Cómo estás? (How are you?)
¿Cuánto cuesta esto? (How much is this?)
a rule of the language
|el mejor (best, superlative of the adjective ’good’)|
los dientes (teeth, plural of the noun ’tooth’)
a letter, syllable or meaning
|a (Latin letter ’a’)|
ф (Cyrillic letter ’ef’)
あ (hiragana character ’a’)
字 (kanji character ’JI, aza’)
a word meaning a substance or a concept, can't go together with a numeral
|mjöl (flour), musik (music), kärlek (love)|
- It is not necessary to know all the parts of speech when starting to study a new language. This is why smaller parts of speech have been combined. Here is a short description for those who are interested:
- Adverb modifies the verb or the whole sentence. Typically, an adverb describes time, place, reason, manner or method.
- Particles are function words (such as yet, however, anyway). In WordDive, interjections (hi, hello) are included in expressions, even though they are particles as well.
- Adposition expresses the relation of a thing or being to another thing or being. An adposition that comes before its complement is called a preposition (before Monday) and an adposition that comes after its complement is called a postposition (the storm last night).
- Character, abbreviation, expression and grammar are not officially parts of speech. They are specific to the WordDive service and are meant to facilitate learning.